A critical point is that the overall size of this residuum is larger. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 4. In cymose inflorescence, the main axis soon ends in. The panicle has its spikelets spaced along spreading or compressed branches. Racemose inflorescence the main axis does not terminate into a flower,but it keeps on growing continually and gives off flowers laterally in acropetal succession. Cymose inflorescence is the name of determinate or definite inflorescence in which the tip of the main axis terminates in a flower and further growth continues by one or more lateral branches which also behave like the main axis fig. Les varietes naines sont adaptees a toutes les conditions agroclimatiques. Inflorescence composed of a main axis and laterally borne flowers with pedicels of equal length, all originating from the same point. The term is most used for a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem. An inflorescence may either be of racemose or cymose types. The other kind of racemose inflorescences can all be derived from this one by dilation, compression, swelling or reduction of the different axes. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word inflorescence. Cette racine pousse droit vers le bas et refuges differentes couches du. A spike has its spikelets attached directly to the main culm.
For example, a double raceme is a raceme in which the single flowers are replaced by other simple racemes. A cymose inflorescence has a composite axis with the main stem ending in a flower and lateral branches bearing additional, laterflowering branches. The arrangement in which the youngest flower is present near the apex. In fabaceae leguminosae, the basic inflorescence type is a raceme, but evolutionary shifts have led to pseudoracemes in five tribes of papilionoideae tucker, 1987 and to cymose inflorescences in a few taxa, including caesalpinioid dialium and related genera tucker, 1998. The oldest flowers are towards the base of the inflorescence and the youngest ones towards the apex. On the basis of branching pattern inflorescences are of two types.
Inflorescence simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each of the two broad categories of inflorescences can be divided into specific types. Pdf inflorescence morphology was analysed for 21 accessions of the genus thottea from the western ghats, with respect to systematic relationships. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Here the youngest flower is present at the apex and the older flowers towards the base. Brilliant botany is an educational stem channel focused on. Inflorescence and flower development in the hedychieae. The fruiting stage of an inflorescence is known as an infructescence.
In indeterminate inflorescence like racemes, the oldest flowers are borne towards the base and new flowers are. Linflorescence, les differents types dinflorescences. This demonstrated the usefulness of wild relatives of tomato as a tool to further understand flower and fruit development in this crop species. Inflorescence definition and meaning collins english dictionary. The parallelisms in inflorescence architecture that can be seen among unrelated plant families led stebbins 1974 to speculate about the adaptive value of different types of inflorescence. Some of the common types of inflorescences are as follows. The main problems in the interpretation of the inflorescence structure result from studies which did not consider the entire inflorescence vegetti, 2003. The arrangement of pedicels on a peduncle characterizes different kinds of inflorescences. Inflorescence definition and meaning collins english. In botany, an axis means a shoot, in this case one bearing the flowers. Les sepales sont des pieces florales disposees sous les petales comme sils les soutenaient.
Some types of inflorescences characterize different groups of plants. Inflorescence definition of inflorescence by the free. The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle and the main stem holding the flowers or more branches within the inflorescence is called the rachis. A racemose inflorescence has a main axis and lateral flowering branches with flowers opening from the bottom up or from the outer edge in. It mayalso bear numerous smaller stalks called pedicels, each with a flower at its tip. An inflorescence is the reproductive portion of a plant. Memoire sur linflorescence des graminees et des cyperees comparee avec celle des autres vegetaux sexiferes. Racemose or indefinite or indeterminate type of inflorescence. Inflorescence definition is the mode of development and arrangement of flowers on an axis. The main kind of racemose inflorescence is the raceme. An inflorescence is categorized on the basis of the arrangement of flowers on a main axis peduncle and by the timing of its flowering determinate and indeterminate. Aug 09, 20 a very brief introduction to different types of inflorescences, the floral structures of plants. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Media in category inflorescence diagrams the following 150 files are in this category, out of 150 total.
Lappareil reproducteur des plantes a fleurs dapes le. A kind of compound inflorescence is the double inflorescence, in which the basic structure is repeated in the place of single florets. The arrangement in which the youngest flower is present near the apex and. The stalk of each single flower is called a pedicel. Capitulum or head a dense vertically compressed inflorescence with sessile flowers on a. Inflorescence morphology article pdf available in systematics and biodiversity 74. Inflorescence, in a flowering plant, a cluster of flowers on a branch or a system of branches. Unbranched, indeterminate inflorescence with pedicillate flower along the axis. For example, nearly all members of the carrot family apiaceae have compound umbels. An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Mar 26, 2020 inflorescence countable and uncountable, plural inflorescences botany flower cluster. For the indeterminate inflorescences, the simplest types are the spike, raceme, umbel, panicle, and head. Free question bank for neet biology inflorescence and flower inflorescence. This page was last edited on 16 october 2009, at 14.
In this article we will discuss about the inflorescence in plants. Several plant species, exhibiting a range of inflorescence types and floral symmetries are being analysed in detail. Photographs of wild type and cyc mutant of antirrhnum a and comparable peloric mutants from linaria vulgaris b, saintpaulia c. An indeterminate inflorescence can continue to produce more flowers at its tip if conditions are favorable and are thus more flexible in flower number.
All members of the sunflower family asteraceae have heads, including chrysanthemums, zinnias, marigolds, and dandelions. In racemose inflorescence, the main axis continue to grow indifinitely until the last flower is formed at its apex. Inflorescence definition, a flowering or blossoming. Lappareil reproducteur des plantes a fleurs dapes le site. Inflorescence definition of inflorescence by merriamwebster. The modifications can involve the length and the nature of the internodes and the phyllotaxis, as well as variations in the proportions, compressions. A very brief introduction to different types of inflorescences, the floral structures of plants. Question bank for neet biology inflorescence and flower. Flowerlike terminal structures in racemose inflorescences. Different types of inflorescence linkedin slideshare. Inflorescences oxford academic journals oxford university press.342 566 678 1514 773 919 186 382 673 156 623 1582 387 1140 426 325 998 33 898 1149 169 407 1361 649 800 1179 1354 784 1361 285 474 971 274 1440 7 379 1224 1049 806